When the Acadians were exiled from Nova Scotia in 1755, they were given only one week to pack their belongings and leave their homes forever. The British wanted them out of their way so that they could build military forts along the coast and expand into the interior of what is now Canada. The Acadians fled southward toward New Brunswick and Quebec, but many were captured along the way by soldiers who beat them mercilessly then sent them off on ships bound for England or France where they would be imprisoned again! Indeed, some died before reaching these destinations while others never made it out of prison at all!

Acadians (French: Acadiens; also known as Cajuns) are the descendants of French colonists who settled in Acadia during the 17th and 18th centuries. The colony was located in what is now Atlantic Canada, along with present-day New Brunswick, part of Nova Scotia and northern Maine.

The name “Acadia” comes from a Native American word meaning “land.” In 1755, under British rule, most Acadians were exiled from their homeland by force; some migrated to French colonies in North America while others went to other parts of what is now called Canada or Louisiana (now known as New Orleans). Many of these exiles eventually returned home after being granted amnesty in 1763 during Treaty of Paris negotiations between Great Britain and France at war over control over North America; however others moved farther westward into areas such as Louisiana where settlement opportunities were greater than what awaited them back home following years spent away from their families due largely due to conflict involving both nations’ governments against each other over land ownership rights before ultimately being reunited once again!

The story of this exile has become an important part of Canadian identity, as the descendants of some 10,000 deported Canadian citizens have persisted despite being scattered to the far corners of the earth. Today, their descendants number more than one million people and live mainly in the maritime provinces and Quebec.

The Acadians’ story is one of survival against all odds: they were forcibly removed from their homes in what is now Nova Scotia by British forces after refusing to take an oath of allegiance to King George II (who reigned from 1727 until 1760). The ensuing “Deportation” lasted several years as thousands were sent off on ships bound for France–many died en route; others remained behind in North America where they survived as best they could without land or means by which to make a living; still others returned home once peace was restored between Britain and France following the Seven Years War (1756-1763).

The Acadians are an old people with a long history. Their ancestors settled in what is now France around 1528, having been driven out of their homeland by Spanish invaders. They became French subjects under the rule of King Henry II in 1549 and were recognized as noblemen in 1604. A century later they were granted valuable fishing rights along the coast of Newfoundland and were prosperous farmers who raised cattle and grew wheat on fertile land between Bordeaux and Toulouse.

In 1713, following England’s victory over France in Queen Anne’s War (known as “Queen Anne’s War” in North America), some British officials began to think about establishing colonies along Nova Scotia’s Atlantic coast so that their own people could take advantage of its natural resources as well as defend against future attacks from neighboring colonies like New England which had become independent from Great Britain years earlier but still harbored ill feelings toward them over past conflicts between them during colonial times such as King George’s War (1744-48) or Father Ralee’s War (1722-25).

However, that prosperity came to an abrupt end during one night in September 1755 when three thousand British troops landed by boat at Grand Pre (Gran’ Pre) near present-day Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. They burned every house they could find and took some fifteen hundred prisoners back to Boston where they were held without trial for two years before being released on parole by order of King George III himself!


The Acadians were the first European settlers in North America and their story is an important part of Canadian identity. The descendants of some 10,000 deported Canadians have persisted despite being scattered to the far corners of the earth. Today, their descendants number more than one million people and live mainly in the maritime provinces and Quebec.

Author: Jeffrey Miles

Categories: History